Egyptian king

The word for “empire” came to become employed metonymously for the Egyptian royal family under the New Kingdom (from the, 1539 bce.). It was called, simply, “the realm of Menes”. The full title of the Egyptian queen typically included the phrase, “the lady of glory” or “lordship over the whole realm”. The Egyptian throne was sometimes transferred by female heirs to her son’s throne. This was particularly common during the time of the reign of Amenhotef, when his two sister’s were proclaimed kings by their father, and then succeeded him.

The early New Kingdom period witnessed numerous ups and downs in the rule of the Egyptian kings. Anabasis, a powerful king, was usurped by Tutankhamen. His rule was precarious as he was surrounded by rebellious kingdoms. In addition, the First Intermediate Period witnessed a period of relative stability, but then chaos erupted when the Hyksas (prior Egyptian dynasty to Menes) rose against the Sethites. When this struggle became serious, Sethite King Menes allied himself with the Hyksas against the Sethite King Menes, and eventually brought about the division of Upper and Lower Egypt. This period also witnessed the rise of Memphis as a political center of power.

During the Middle Kingdom period, two dynasties emerged as prominent rulers of ancient egypt: Aqaba (chieft of Menes), and Tiberias (the grandfather of Moses). Tiberias was famous because of his military successes, although his rule was plagued by rebellious kingdoms. He united the various polities of ancient egypt, which resulted in a central government, known as theocrasy. After his consolidation of power, he declared himself the first king of the united pharaohs.

Under Aqaba, the Mausoleum was built. It is still considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. As a result of this feat, many of the traditional associations with ancient Egypt were born. One of these associations with Egypt is the belief in the existence of numerous deities during the reign of each of the kings mentioned above, who were worshiped by their people.

The Second Intermediate Period witnessed a period of political turmoil for the Egyptian kings. The rise of kingdoms like Memphis and Segovia brought instability to the country. Then a succession crisis broke out, resulting to the death of Menes. A series of wars with neighboring empires broke out, and Menes was succeeded by his son Hamed, who was not as charismatic as his father.

The Third Intermediate Period saw the establishment of a new capital at Memphis. This was attended by several developments: the domestication of animals, development of banking system, and development of public transportation. Tutankhamun was the last of the Egyptian kings to establish a new capital at Memphis. He did so to construct a mausoleum which was later used by his successors as a royal palace. Tutankhamun’s construction was accompanied by development of Memphis as a commercial and political center of the empire.